Thursday, December 12, 2013
The Associated Press
LYME, N.H. — When a bad year for feeding followed a good one for breeding, New Hampshire's only licensed bear rehabilitator ended up with 27 orphaned cubs instead of the usual three or four.
Ben Kilham is seen inside his 8-acre forested enclosure with a bear cub on May 12, 2012 in Lyme, N.H.
AP / Ben Kilham
In this photo provided by Ben Kilham, some of the 27 orphaned black bears are seen inside his 8-acre forested enclosure in Lyme, N.H. Kilham typically cares for only three to five cubs each winter.
Ben Kilham isn't losing any sleep over it, but the bears sure are.
"They've managed to keep themselves awake," he said. "There's always somebody who stirs up somebody else, and pretty soon, everybody's up."
Kilham keeps the cubs in an 8-acre enclosed forest behind his house until spring, when he works with the state Fish and Game Department to release them in remote locations. Normally, the bears sleep all winter, but not this bunch. For a while, Kilham tried withholding food in hopes that the bears would sleep, but that didn't work.
"They just roto-tilled the pen," he said. "It was obvious that they were seeking food, so we just gave up and started going back once a day feeding them."
Staying awake all winter won't hurt the bears any, he said, and if anything, they are better off having spent the winter in a large group. With just a few cubs, it was common for one to pace back and forth near the fence, Kilham said. But none of the current cubs is showing that kind of anxiety.
"They're just one big happy family, they roam around, play with each other," he said. "They are very, very happy as a big social unit."
Andy Timmins, the bear project leader for the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, said officials were expecting more orphaned cubs than usual but were surprised at just how many turned up.
"It was like nothing we've ever seen. A high year in the past was maybe, seven or eight bears," he said. "It was a very challenging year, for sure, and we're not done yet. I'm absolutely positive there will be more showing up this spring as a result of these conditions last year."
The increase in orphaned cubs can be traced to a two-year swing in the bears' food supply. Younger female bears often don't give birth during leaner years, but with an abundance of beechnuts, berries and other food in 2011, there was a baby boom. In 2012, however, dry conditions meant food was scarce, and bears were forced to venture into backyards for food. Sows that foraged for food in chicken coops and beehives ended up getting shot by property owners, leaving the cubs behind. That's how 16 of the 27 cubs ended up with Kilham.
"The big wave of them came in June and July as a direct result of females getting shot in chicken pens," Timmins said. "It was just bang, bang, bang, with calls coming in from people saying, 'I just shot a bear, come and pick it up."'
The state has a program to help landowners install electric fencing to protect their coops, he said, but many are unwilling to use it. And the law is on the side of property owners.
"We bend over backwards to help people with that problem, and we'd like to see a little more tolerance out there among the public towards wildlife that might be attracted to the chicken pen," he said. "It's an easy fix."
"Once the bear's in your chicken coop, the damage is done so there's nothing gained by shooting the bear," he said.
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